# Grade 8 Math

Course Code: MAT8G Course Type: Middle School Format: Online School Course Tuition Fee (CAD): \$399

## Course Description For MAT8G Grade 8 Math Online Course

Grade 8 Math is designed to help students acquire a positive attitude towards mathematics, as they learn a variety of skills that will help them become capable and confident math learners.

### Summary Of Units And Timelines For Grade 8 Math MAT8G

Below is the suggested sequence of course unit delivery as well as the recommended number of hours to complete the respective unit. For complete details of targeted expectations within each unit and activity, please see each Unit Overview found in the MAT8G course profile.

Unit OrderUnit NameSuggested Time
Unit 1Roots and Pythagorean Theorem11 Hours
Unit 2Operations with Intergers11 Hours
Unit 3Fractions11 Hours
Unit 4Measurement11 Hours
Unit 5Rate, Ratio and Percent11 Hours
Unit 6Equations and Graphs11 Hours
Unit 7Data Management11 Hours
Unit 8Geometry11 Hours
Unit 9Financial Literacy11 Hours
Unit 10Coding11 Hours
View Sample Gradebook Total110 Hours

Please be aware that, as per Ministry guidelines, OVS has a mandatory minimum requirement of 14 days enrollment for students to be eligible for a midterm report card and 28 days enrollment to be eligible for a final report card.

Number
Students use scientific notation such as 5.46 × 106 to understand, represent and compare very large and small numbers more easily, which is often required in Science. Students use fractions, decimals and per cents interchangeably, and should be able to recall square numbers to 144 and their square roots. Students solve problems that involve proportions (for example, determining the percentage increase or decrease in the attendance of a show) and whole numbers, fractions, decimals, integers and exponents.

Algebra
Students continue to develop their understanding of patterns, including those that involve integers. They use algebraic notation, such as, s = d/t, to represent the relationship between speed, distance and time. They solve algebraic equations involving multiple terms, integers and decimal numbers. Students write code to create a line or curve that falls between the greatest number of data points. They also use modelling for real-life situations, such as making predictions about future fundraisers based on the funds raised from past fundraisers.

Data
Students continue to build their data skills. They analyze data that is presented in more complex ways, such as in scatter plots, that show the relationship between two variables. In addition, students continue to increase their understanding of probability by comparing the outcomes of more complex experiments.

Spatial sense
Students continue to develop spatial sense as they study right-angle triangles. They learn that if two side lengths are known, then the length of the third can be figured out without measuring it, using the Pythagorean Theory. Students learn how to calculate unknown angles by applying the angle properties of intersecting and parallel lines. Students also build their understanding of very large units such as a terabyte and very small units like a nanosecond that are used in current technologies.

Financial literacy
Students learn to create a plan to reach financial goals and identify ways to maintain balanced budgets. Students compare different ways that consumers can get value for their money when spending, such as using reward programs or taking advantage of sales. Students investigate the concepts of simple and compound interest using technology, (for example, a spreadsheet program) and explain how interest affects long-term financial planning.

Social emotional learning skills and mathematical processes
Students continue to build healthy relationship skills. They will use data in an infographic to communicate and tell a story and build awareness about others. This will help them understand things they have in common with their peers and what makes different groups unique.

Teachers will bring enthusiasm and varied teaching and assessment approaches to the classroom, addressing individual students’ needs and ensuring sound learning opportunities for every student. The activities offered should enable students to relate and apply these concepts to the social, environmental, and economical conditions and concerns of the world in which they live. Opportunities to relate knowledge and skills to these wider contexts will motivate students to learn in a meaningful way and to become life-long learners. Teachers will help students understand that problem solving of any kind often requires a considerable expenditure of time and energy and a good deal of perseverance. Teachers also will encourage students to investigate, to reason, to explore alternative solutions and to take the risks necessary to become successful problem solvers. Effective instructional approaches and learning activities draw on students’ prior knowledge, capture their interest, and encourage meaningful practise both inside and outside the classroom. Students will be engaged when they are able to see the connection between the scientific concepts they are learning and their application in the world around them and in real-life situations. Due to its importance, students will have opportunities to learn in a variety of ways- individually, cooperatively, independently, with teacher direction, through hands-on experiences, and through examples followed by practice. The approaches and strategies teachers use will vary according to both the object of the learning and the needs of the students. Teachers will accomplish this in online environment with the use of: virtual labs, online simulations, animations, videos, discussion forums, live chat and other interactive objects.

As summarized in Growing Success 2010, the primary purpose of assessment and evaluation is to improve student learning. Information gathered through assessment helps teachers to determine students’ strengths and weaknesses in their achievement of the curriculum expectations in each course.

This information also serves to guide teachers in adapting curriculum and instructional approaches to students’ needs and in assessing the overall effectiveness of programs and classroom practices. As part of assessment, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback that guides their efforts towards improvement. Evaluation refers to the process of judging the quality of student work on the basis of established criteria, and assigning a value to represent that quality. All curriculum expectations must be accounted for in instruction, but evaluation focuses on students’ achievement of the overall expectations.

A students’ achievement of the overall expectations is evaluated on the basis of his or her achievement of related specific expectations. Teachers will use their professional judgement to determine which specific expectations should be used to evaluate achievement of overall expectations, and which ones will be covered in instruction and assessment but not necessarily evaluated. In order to ensure that assessment and evaluation are valid and reliable, and that they lead to the improvement of student learning, teachers must use assessment and evaluation strategies that:

• Address both what students learn and how well they learn
• Are based both on the categories of knowledge and skills and on the achievement level descriptions given in the achievement chart
• Are varied in nature, administered over a period of time, and designed to provide opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning
• Are appropriate for the learning activities used, the purposes of instruction, and the needs and experiences of the students
• Are fair to all students
• Accommodate students with special education needs, consistent with the strategies outlined in their Individual Education Plan
• Accommodate the needs of students who are learning the language of instruction
• Ensure that each student is given clear directions for improvement
• Promote students’ ability to assess their own learning and to set specific goals
• Include the use of samples of students’ work that provide evidence of their achievement
• Are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the school year and at other appropriate points throughout the school year.

The achievement chart outlines four categories of knowledge and skills. They include; knowledge and understanding, thinking, communication and application. Teachers will ensure that student work is assessed and/or evaluated in a balanced manner with respect to the four categories, and that achievement of particular expectations is considered within the appropriate categories. A final grade is recorded for this course, and a credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:

• Seventy percent of the grade will be based on evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade should reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration should be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
• Thirty percent of the grade will be based on a final evaluation and administered towards the end of the course.

All students can succeed. Some students are able, with certain accommodations, to participate in the regular course curriculum and to demonstrate learning independently. Accommodations allow access to the course without any changes to the knowledge and skills the student is expected to demonstrate. The accommodations required to facilitate the student’s learning can be identified by the teacher, but recommendations from a School Board generated Individual Education Plan (IEP) if available can also be consulted. Instruction based on principles of universal design and differentiated instruction focuses on the provision of accommodations to meet the diverse needs of learners.

Examples of accommodations (but not limited to) include:

• Adjustment and or extension of time required to complete assignments or summative tasks
• Providing alternative assignments or summative tasks
• Use of scribes and/or other assistive technologies
• Simplifying the language of instruction

Teachers will bring additional resources and teaching materials that provide a rich and diverse learning environment. Units in this course profile make specific reference to the intended textbook for this course but can be substituted for any relevant and approved text.

Reference: The Ontario Curriculum Grades 1-8 Math

Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) Requirements for all course.