Course Description For CGW4U Grade 12 Canadian and World Issues Online Course
Grade 12 Environment and Resource Management encourages students to investigate the interactions between natural and human systems, placing particular emphasis on the impacts of human activity on ecosystems and natural processes. Throughout the course, students will have the opportunity to use their knowledge of geographic concepts and spatial skills to analyse these impacts and propose ways of reducing them. Through the various units of this course, students will: assess resource management and sustainability practices, including related government policies and international accords; consider questions of individual responsibility and environmental stewardship; and explore various ways of developing a more sustainable relationship with their environment.
Summary Of Units And Timelines For Grade 12 Canadian and World Issues CGW4U
Below is the suggested sequence of course unit delivery as well as the recommended number of hours to complete the respective unit. For complete details of targeted expectations within each unit and activity, please see each Unit Overview found in the CGW4U course profile.
|Unit Order||Unit Name||Suggested Time|
|Unit 1||Studying Issues: Ways of Seeing||20 Hours|
|Unit 2||Geopolitics: Patterns of Power||20 Hours|
|Mid Semester Point|
|Unit 3||Demographics: Challenge and Change||20 Hours|
|Unit 4||Interdependence: Environment and Economy||20 Hours|
|Unit 5||Sustainability||20 Hours|
|FINAL||Final Exam + Independent Project||10 Hours|
Fundamental Concepts Covered in Grade 12 Online Course
Systems and Structures: The ways humans and nature are organized. Humans have created systems and structures to allow societies to function; natural systems and structures have developed in response to a variety of natural factors.
Interactions and Interdependence: The influences shaping relationships within and among human and natural systems and structures. Human and natural processes and components connect with, adapt to, and have an impact on one another.
Environment: The natural and built elements of which the earth is composed, and the complex web they form.
Change and Continuity: The fundamental criteria for assessing the development of human and natural systems and structures. Change is manifested by differences over time, and is recognized by comparing phenomena and contexts as they exist at different times. Continuity represents consistency and connectedness over time, and is recognized by exploring the forces within nature and human societies that create stability and link the past with the present.
Culture: Expressions of humanity learned and shared within a specified population, influenced by the physical environment. Culture provides a conceptual framework for interpreting the world, and influences the perception of time, place, identity, significance, and change.
Power and Governance: The means and supporting structures whereby laws and rules are enforced in a society and in the global community.
Teaching and Learning Strategies in an Online School
Teachers will bring enthusiasm and varied teaching and assessment approaches to the classroom, addressing individual students’ needs and ensuring sound learning opportunities for every student. The activities offered should enable students to relate and apply these concepts to the social, environmental, and economical conditions and concerns of the world in which they live. Opportunities to relate knowledge and skills to these wider contexts will motivate students to learn in a meaningful way and to become life-long learners. Teachers will help students understand that problem solving of any kind often requires a considerable expenditure of time and energy and a good deal of perseverance. Teachers also will encourage students to investigate, to reason, to explore alternative solutions and to take the risks necessary to become successful problem solvers. Effective instructional approaches and learning activities draw on students’ prior knowledge, capture their interest, and encourage meaningful practise both inside and outside the classroom. Students will be engaged when they are able to see the connection between the scientific concepts they are learning and their application in the world around them and in real-life situations. Due to its importance, students will have opportunities to learn in a variety of ways- individually, cooperatively, independently, with teacher direction, through hands-on experiences, and through examples followed by practice. The approaches and strategies teachers use will vary according to both the object of the learning and the needs of the students. Teachers will accomplish this in online environment with the use of: virtual labs, online simulations, animations, videos, discussion forums, live chat and other interactive objects.
Assessment & Evaluation
As summarized in Growing Success 2010, the primary purpose of assessment and evaluation is to improve student learning. Information gathered through assessment helps teachers to determine students’ strengths and weaknesses in their achievement of the curriculum expectations in each course. This information also serves to guide teachers in adapting curriculum and instructional approaches to students’ needs and in assessing the overall effectiveness of programs and classroom practices. As part of assessment, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback that guides their efforts towards improvement. Evaluation refers to the process of judging the quality of student work on the basis of established criteria, and assigning a value to represent that quality. All curriculum expectations must be accounted for in instruction, but evaluation focuses on students’ achievement of the overall expectations. A students’ achievement of the overall expectations is evaluated on the basis of his or her achievement of related specific expectations. Teachers will use their professional judgement to determine which specific expectations should be used to evaluate achievement of overall expectations, and which ones will be covered in instruction and assessment but not necessarily evaluated. In order to ensure that assessment and evaluation are valid and reliable, and that they lead to the improvement of student learning, teachers must use assessment and evaluation strategies that:
- Address both what students learn and how well they learn
- Are based both on the categories of knowledge and skills and on the achievement level descriptions given in the achievement chart
- Are varied in nature, administered over a period of time, and designed to provide opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning
- Are appropriate for the learning activities used, the purposes of instruction, and the needs and experiences of the students
- Are fair to all students
- Accommodate students with special education needs, consistent with the strategies outlined in their Individual Education Plan
- Accommodate the needs of students who are learning the language of instruction
- Ensure that each student is given clear directions for improvement
- Promote students’ ability to assess their own learning and to set specific goals
- Include the use of samples of students’ work that provide evidence of their achievement
- Are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the school year and at other appropriate points throughout the school year.
The achievement chart for mathematics outlines four categories of knowledge and skills. They include; knowledge and understanding, thinking, communication and application. Teachers will ensure that student work is assessed and/or evaluated in a balanced manner with respect to the four categories, and that achievement of particular expectations is considered within the appropriate categories. A final grade is recorded for this course, and a credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:
- Seventy percent of the grade will be based on evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade should reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration should be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
- Thirty percent of the grade will be based on a final evaluation and administered towards the end of the course.
Accommodations for students with an IEP in an Online School
All students can succeed. Some students are able, with certain accommodations, to participate in the regular course curriculum and to demonstrate learning independently. Accommodations allow access to the course without any changes to the knowledge and skills the student is expected to demonstrate. The accommodations required to facilitate the student’s learning can be identified by the teacher, but recommendations from a School Board generated Individual Education Plan (IEP) if available can also be consulted. Instruction based on principles of universal design and differentiated instruction focuses on the provision of accommodations to meet the diverse needs of learners.
Examples of accommodations (but not limited to) include:
- Adjustment and or extension of time required to complete assignments or summative tasks
- Providing alternative assignments or summative tasks
- Use of scribes and/or other assistive technologies
- Simplifying the language of instruction
Teachers will bring additional resources and teaching materials that provide a rich and diverse learning environment. Units in this course profile make specific reference to the intended textbook for this course but can be substituted for any relevant and approved text.
- Clark, Bruce, and John Wallace. Global Connections: Canadian and World Issues, 2nd Edition. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 2008. ISBN 9780132069403
Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) Requirements for all course.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is CGW4U?
CGW4U is a Grade 12 Canadian and World Issues course at a University preparation level.
What are 4U courses?
4U refers to the Grade level of the courses and the pathway. 4 means it is a grade 12 course and U means it is a university preparation course.
What is the prerequisite course for CGW4U?
Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 or 12 university (U) or university/college (M) preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies.
How long does it take to complete the CGW4U online course?
At Ontario Virtual School (OVS) you can complete an online highschool credit courses as quickly as 4 weeks, or take as long as 12 months.